While Mongolia is often classified as a low-risk country when it comes to risk of disaster, PIN is committed to maintaining a high level of emergency preparedness. For instance, in the past five years, Mongolia has faced growing humanitarian challenges – deadly storms, flooding, dzuds, environmental pollution, increasingly more frequent earthquakes and the COVID-19 pandemic.
PIN aims, together with our partners, to provide principled, relevant, timely, and high-quality humanitarian assistance in order to save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain the dignity of the affected population, followed by recovery assistance and resilience building. Our humanitarian aid is based on the core principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality, and independence. The form of our assistance is contextual, needs-based, and focused particularly on Mongolia where PIN can demonstrate its added value in all three areas of emergency preparedness, response, and recovery.
COVID19 Emergency response for vulnerable children and their families
Therefore, PIN in partnership with the Government of Mongolia, SDC, German Embassy, and Friends of Mongolia came up with an emergency response programme with the goal to support the Government of Mongolia in providing aid to the most vulnerable populations impacted by the COVID19. The immediate relief was provided in the form of food and basic essential vouchers to 2,800 child-headed households, single mothers, dormitory students, and other vulnerable families and communities, particularly people living with disabilities and families reliant on 24hr kindergartens.
Meals for Vulnerable Children
Our response is aimed at reducing the burden on vulnerable families and improving the nutrition, hygiene, and education of the children. The purpose of the hygiene kits is to provide items to help the target kindergarten children and their families through information and materials necessary to protect themselves.
Volunteers instructed families on how they can protect themselves, using the items in the hygiene kit, from infectious diseases, such as COVID-19. Using the handouts provided by UNICEF/MoH. And providing them nutrition kits and education kits. The aim is to give children the tools they need to continue cognitive development while out of school.
The "Clean Hands" campaign was supported by
Swiss Cooperation in Mongolia, Breathe Mongolia - Clean Air Coalition, Namuun Children's Foundation / Намуун Хүүхдийн Сан, Mongolian Red Cross Society and donors across the CzechRepublic, EU, Mongolia, and the USA.
Dzud Response 2018 - Support of Basic Needs and Livelihood Protection of Vulnerable Dzud-Affected Herder Households
Animal feed packages
Depending on the herd size, each household received a tailored amount of concentrated animal feed and two packages of micronutrient and vitamin supplement.
The amount of animal feed provided aimed to support the livestock for one month.
Unconditional cash grants
Every household that received animal feed and additional households who had no animals at the time of response but is dependent on herding for their livelihood received an unconditional cash grant to support their early recovery and household basic needs. The amount of the cash grants provided was based on the number of household members. A family of 1-2 persons received 1,038 CZK (50 USD), a family with 3-5 members received 2,076 CZK (100 USD) and a family of 6 or more members received 3,114 CZK (150 USD). People in need provided Cash assistance via bank transfers and cheques.
Provision of Animal Feed and Animal First Aid kits for most vulnerable herder households.
starvation of herder households’ primary asset – goats, sheep, horses, cattle, camels and yaks. As result of long-term cold stress and starvation which started from the beginning of November, the livestock health status has been gradually deteriorating and a breakdown of immune system, it is expected that may eventually can lead to high mortality rate. In addition to high potential livestock mortality, herders will suffer from severe income declines due to declined animal productivity associated with poor animal conditions, decreased reproduction performance like miscarriages and infertilities. Together, these threaten to collapse livelihoods and add to high indebtedness of herder households. Lack of assets results in low purchasing power for fuel, non-meat food, medical services and school fees. The impact at the household level is basic survival.
As part of the CERF funded project, PIN had ensured distribution of livestock emergency packages to CERF intervention targeted 86 beneficiary herder households in Bulgan, Dashbalbar and Khulunbuir soums of Dornod aimag.
Providing basic needs and protecting the livelihoods of the most vulnerable families affected by dzud
The second is access to food for cattle which is the only source of income for herder families. If they were to lose their herd or their numbers were to fall significantly in consequence of the dzud, the household in question would be left completely without livelihood and have to resort to negative survival strategies, such as reducing the number of daily meals, debts, hired work for richer herders contributing an absolute minimum towards the survival of the family, taking their children out of school, migration to towns etc.
Emergency Response to Remote Vulnerable Drought-Dzud Affected Herder Populations of Eastern Aimags
PIN continues to work with the families of herders on increasing their resilience against future dzuds. In collaboration with the Italian non-profit organisation ASIA Onlus with the support of the Waldensian Evangelical Church, PIN also encourages mutual solidarity between the wealthier and more vulnerable herder families.
Hay distribution to dzud affected areas of Mongolia
The main concern of those who have none cattle or some cattle left is to prepare for winter and potential dzud. The needs of those who have lost all their cattle are different: provision of food for the winter, clothing, cattle, fuel. PIN supported affected families in 2 districts of the Khenti region according to how they were affected.